The Burj Khalifa is the ever built tallest man made structure. However, the crowning feature of Burj Khalifa is its ‘telescopic’ spire comprising more than 4,000 tonnes of structural steel. The structural features of Burj Khalifa is explained in the following section. The shape was finally fixed based on the series of wind tunnel tests. Built of reinforced concrete and clad in glass, the tower is composed of three elements arranged around a central buttressed core. There are corridor walls that extend from the central core to the end of the wing. Different from other skyscrapers,Burj Khalifa is characterised by an entirelydistinctive facade, with a pointed spire onthe top of the building, accompanied by 26helical levels. One example of such a system for a building has been implemented on the Burj Khalifa Tower in Dubai, which is the tallest manmade structure in the world (Abdelrazaq, 2012). The spire was constructed from inside the building and jacked to its full height of over 200 metres (700 feet) using a hydraulic pump. , 2010 ). The superstructure has reached over 165 stories. In 1956, Frank Lloyd Wright produced a design for a mile-high, 528-storey tower equipped with five-storey-high, nuclear-powered elevators. Famous as a mixed-use development tower with a total floor area of 460,000 m2, it includes residential, hotel, commercial, office, entertainment, shopping, and leisure establishments. It’s height, it’s unique architecture and all of the records it has broken. Flickr/Adam, CC BY. Structural steel with a diagonally braced lateral system for the spire Special exterior cladding specifically designed to withstand the temperature changes and wind forces Overview Structural System Foundation Lateral Resisting System Loads Structural Materials & Facade. Burj Khalifa. Burj Khalifa (Arabic: برج خليفة ‎, "Khalifa Tower") is an extremely tall skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates named after Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and is the tallest building ever built, at 828 metres (2,717 feet).Before the building opened, it was called Burj Dubai.The building is 162 stories high. Le projet est situé à/en Dubai, Dubaï, Émirats arabes unis. The Burj Khalifa is located in Dubai and is currently the tallest structure in the world at 2,723ft. The spire was constructed from inside the building and jacked to its full height of over 200 metres (700 feet) using a hydraulic pump. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. As the temperature of the location (Dubai) is very high, there were chance of cracks due to shrinkage. Fig.3: Pile Raft Foundation in Burj Khalifa. This raft is in turn supported by bored reinforced concrete piles. The concrete volume used in the raft is 12,500 meter cube. The structure consists of 26 terraces. The piles were 1.5m in diameter and have a length of 43m. steel structure from level 156 to the top Structural system description. William Frazier Baker, also known as Bill Baker (born October 9, 1953), is an American Lost your password? For erecting this city in the sky several new technologies had to be used. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure. Download PDF Overview You must be a CTBUH Member to view this resource. 163 levels, 829.8 metres tall, a benchmark for skyscrapers - the Burj Khalifa is a triumph of human ingenuity. This tower rises in the sky to 828m carrying 162 floors. Types of Drawings Prepared by Structural Engineers, Economical Design of Reinforced Concrete Columns to Reduce Cost, Types of Concrete Pavements -Their Construction Details and Applications. The “V” shape steel frame wraps around the reinforced concrete tower inhabiting hotel rooms and lobbies. The basic structure of the Burj Khalifa is a central hexagonal core with three lobes (wings) clustered around it, as shown in Fig. Materials used for Burj Khalifa’s construction * 330,000 m^3 of concrete and 55,000 tonnes of steel rebar, as well as aluminium, glass, stainless steel and silicone, was used. The Burj Khalifa building in Dubai is thin at the top and wide at the bottom, with giant steps down the side. The final height of the building is 2,717 feet (828 meters). To reduce the detrimental effects of chemicals, cathodic protection where provided under the raft. The tower’s exterior cladding is made up of aluminum and stainless-steel panels, vertical stainless-steel tubular fins, and more than 28,000 hand-cut glass panels. Structural steel with a diagonally braced lateral system for the spire Special exterior cladding specifically designed to withstand the temperature changes and wind forces Overview Structural System Foundation Lateral Resisting System Loads Structural Materials & Facade. This was the first attempt in world history to have such a large height for structures. The building was earlier known as Burj Dubai but was renamed in honor of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the president of the UAE, Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Fig. The structural features include: The tower comprises 2,80,000 m2 area. Burj Khalifa has “refuge fl oors” at 25 to 30 story intervals that are more fi re resistant and have separate air supplies in case of emergency. The structure of Burj Khalifa was designed to behave like a giant column with cross sectional shape that is … The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai. The structural system employed for Burj Khalifa can be called as the Buttressed Core System. This plan provide higher performance and provides a full view of the Persian Gulf. The spire was built inside the building and jacked to its full height using hydraulic strand jacks and also houses communications equipment. The two wings enclose space in center to form largest atrium in the world standing about 180m height. Structural Details of Burj Khalifa – Concrete Grade and Foundations, High Performance Concrete Used in Concrete, Proprietary Trench Support Systems Used in Construction, The Four Generations of High Rise Building Construction, Sunshine Skyway Bridge: A Unique Cable-Stayed Bridge in Florida. The spire was constructed from inside the building and jacked to its full height of over 200 metres (700 feet) using a hydraulic pump. The crowning touch of Burj Khalifa is its telescopic spire comprised of more than 4,000 tons of structural steel. At the time of this writing, the Burj Khalifa stands as the world's tallest man-made structure at 829.8 meters or 2,719.8 feet. The basic structure is a central hexagon core with three wings, which is clustered around it, as shown in figure-2. The central pinnacle pipe weighs 350 tonnes (390 short tons; 340 long tons) and has a height of 200 m. The spire also houses communications equipment. The connection between the perimeter columns and the mechanical floors is provided by means of outrigger walls. The tower was inaugurated on January 4, 2010, to coincide with the fourth anniversary of the Accession Day of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin … Tunnel Alignment: What is its Importance in Tunnel Construction? The building was finished in 2009 after nearly five years of construction using a bundled tube design to reduce the amount of steel the building would require. The building was finished in 2009 after nearly five years of construction using a bundled tube design to reduce the amount of steel the building would require. Dubai United Arab Emirates. Fig.2: Cross Section plan of Burj Khalifa. The structure of Burj Khalifa was designed to behave like a giant column with cross sectional shape that is a reflection of the building massing and profile. VIP members get additional benefits. Standing a staggering 828 metres tall, comprised of almost 40,000 tonnes of steel, and setting nearly a dozen world records with its construction, the Burj Khalifa is immense. The building utilizes high-speed, non-stop shuttle elevators to sky lobby floors where passengers transfer to local elevators serving the floors in between. The building was built within a period of 6 years. Le nouveau type structurel a été imaginé par l’ingénieur Baker et ses associés. The structure is located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Please enter your email address. Construction data, photos and information about the project, other skyscrapers of similar height inside and outside of the UAE : Burj Dubai information, construction data, photos, plans etc. The 828-metre Burj Khalifa is provided with a spire of 244 meter which is also termed as Burj khalifa of its own. Installed at the very top of this iconic structure, Tata Steel's ComFlor® 80 composite floor decking has played a part in making this engineering monument possible. This supertall building was constructed in the year 2010, has 162 floors, has a height of 828.00 m and is located in Dubai (Dubai). The building utilizes high-speed, non-stop shuttle elevators to sky lobby floors where passengers transfer to local elevators serving the floors in between. At the end, these walls are thickened by means of hammer walls. Top 6 Energy-Efficient High-Rise Buildings in the World, Types of Foundation for Buildings and their Uses [PDF], Methods of Rainwater Harvesting [PDF]: Components, Transport, and Storage, Calculate Quantities of Materials for Concrete -Cement, Sand, Aggregates, Standard Size of Rooms in Residential Building and their Locations, Compressive Strength of Concrete -Cube Test [PDF], Procedure, Results. With a total height of 829.8 m, the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest structure in the world since 2010. Construction of the tower was started in 2004. Not only is it a leviathan amid Dubai’s cityscape, but it currently dwarfs every other building on the planet as well. This makes decreasing cross section when moving up. The world’s tallest building, Burj Khalifa took 6 years for its construction and was inaugurated on 4th January 2010. Skyscraper-fever afflicted even the most grounded of the 20th-century’s architectural geniuses. The shape and the upward setbacks help the structure to reduce the wind forces that is acting on the structure. The crowning touch of Burj Khalifa is its telescopic spire comprised of more than 4,000 tons of structural steel. Interesting Facts about the Burj Khalifa. With a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 feet, just over half a mile) and a roof height (excluding antenna, but such as a 244 m spire) of 828 m (2,717 feet ), the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest structure and building in the world since its topping out in 2009 (preceded by Taipei 101).Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior finished five decades later in 2009. While moving up along the tower, one wing at each tier is set back. اطّلعوا على مزيد من التفاصيل حول. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. There is periodic encounter of outrigger system through the height of the tower. The raft has a thickness of 3.7m and was constructed in four separate pours. 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