Vertebrate means they have a spinal cord surrounded by bone or cartilage. As in almost all animals with a central nervous system, the nature of a response of an individual fish to stimuli from its environment depends upon the inherited characteristics of its nervous system, on what it has learned from past experience, and on the nature of the stimuli. Some of … Flying fish are thought to have evolved this remarkable gliding ability to escape predators, of which they have many. Some flatfish use camouflage to hide themselves on the ocean floor. Both have fish characteristics and are of the same vertebrate group. Fish live in the water and are vertebrate animals, which means that they have a spine. There are a few things that all fish have in common, though. Generic fish Graphic: characteristics of fish pectoral fin dorsal fins anal fin pelvic fin barbels snout caudal (tail) fin adipose fin mouth This graphic is a composite illustration that shows a variety of distinguishing characteristics. Bony fish not only have a hard, calcified skeleton, but a solid cranium protecting their brains as well. Their pursuers include mackerel, tuna, swordfish, marlin, and other larger fish. Think about a Great White Shark. The General Structures and Characteristics of Fish Elementary Ó2003 7 Question Answer Relationship (continued) Identify a fish that is a bottom dweller, one that lives in the open sea and one that lives among coral reefs. Gills - Water goes into the fish's mouth and then over their gills (which are made up of rows of gill filaments) before leaving the fish out of the gill slits. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 27, 2020 1:17:25 AM ET. Fish live in the water and breathe by absorbing oxygen through their gills. Many fish have scales and use their fins to swim. There are many blood vessels in the gills. Fish are cold-blooded animals, so their internal body temperature is influenced by the environment. Fish - Fish - Behaviour: Fish behaviour is a complicated and varied subject. FISH. Scientists use these and many other characteristics to correctly classify and identify fish. The classification system of fish is not stagnant and it will change when we have more knowledge, perhaps from DNA analyses. Living in water presents a number of problems such as maintaining salt concentrations and neutral buoyancy and this group of animals has evolved a number of ways to deal with these issues. Fish are vertebrate animals that live in the water. The Classification of Fishes There are about 28,100 species of fishes known to science. Elizabeth Roberts/CC-BY 2.0. What are some characteristics of fish? Characteristics of fish. They are separated into four groups: cartilaginous fish (such as sharks and rays), bony fish, jawless fish, and hagfish. Oxygen from the water moves into these blood vessels. From the amazingly small to the jaw-dropping mammoths, the types of fish in this world are vast. And then think about a small minnow. For ordinary purpose, however, the […] There are over 30000 known species of fish. Some common distinguishing characteristics of sharks, rays and their kin include the lack of the swim bladder found in many bony fishes; that males fertilize females internally; the possession of five to seven gill arches; and that their skin is composed of toothlike denticles that give the skin an abrasive texture. Fish are fascinating creatures. They are divided into 4 classes, 59 orders, 490 families and 4,300 or so genera. There are over 30,000 different kinds of fish, all of which have their own colors and sizes. 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