Strictly nocturnal in nature, they have large eyes and big ears to help them as they leave their burrows at dusk and remain active during the night. DESCRIPTION: Smallest (adults, total length =122-153 mm [4.8-6.0 in. The Alabama beach mouse is able to survive along the Cotton State’s temperamental coast by digging into the sloping sides of sand dunes and setting up an intricate system of up to 10 burrows. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN. Nests of dried grasses and other fibers are found in the central chamber. Recent research indicated that scrub habitat is more important than previously thought. Females are also capable of breeding 24-hours after giving birth (Bird et al. 2009). Coastal residential and commercial development and roadway construction have fragmented and … For Alabama beach mice, approximate size of these spatial units is 550 meters (1,800 feet; linear) with occupancy by 40-70 mice. The species is endangered and is protected in areas such as the Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge in Baldwin County, Alabama. Litter sizes range from two to eight (mode = four) (Caldwell and Gentry 1965, Smith 1966). Brown to pale gray above, with pure white undersides and feet. Conservation and Management. The mice themselves contribute by collecting and distributing seeds. Tails are white on top and gray on the bottom. The Alabama beach mouse (ABM) is one of several subspecies of old field mice living only in coastal sand dune areas. Island Life Kayaks & Paddle boards Yes we are open 251-233-9493. “Hanging by a Thread” introduces the reader to the Alabama Beach Mouse. Beach mice are an important part of the coastal dune ecosystem. Radio tracking indicates activity throughout the night, with peaks occurring shortly after dusk and again after midnight (Lynn 2000). Pups are weaned 18 days after being born (NatureServe 2011). But, the tail length can add up to another 2.3 inches! The Alabama beach mouse, an endangered species, lives in coastal dune ecosystems. Stalking by domestic and wild cats, as well as other animals, plus competition from other rodents have also contributed to Alabama beach mouse declines. April 29, 2019 | Perry Guy I have a poem called The Alabama … This position is supported by evidence of widespread extirpation from all developed areas in the eastern portion of the historic distribution. Discontinuous occupation of dune and scrub habitat between these two sites also occurs. 2001). Captures of mice known to be two years old have been reported and captive mice have reached four or more years of age. Because of extensive development throughout the Alabama Gulf Coast, the present-day distribution of the Alabama beach mouse is greatly reduced (Holliman 1983). Similar levels of development are occurring throughout the Fort Morgan Peninsula and real estate development on all private areas is proceeding rapidly. Strictly nocturnal in nature, they have large eyes and big ears to help them as they leave their burrows at dusk and remain active during the night. The safety of the mouse has been a concern for several years. Kayaks, Boards, & Yolo Yaks. Type locality has been heavily developed and no longer exhibits natural characteristics. Nocturnal, with daytime activity rare; nightly movements directly affected by weather conditions. There is speculation that its habitat will be expanded to help save the dwindling population. Capable of dispersing over five kilometers (3.1 miles) (Smith 1966) and commonly traverse 0.5 kilometers (0.31 miles) of habitat per night, but most observations indicate that individuals settle within a few hundred meters (200-1,000 feet) of their natal sites. People became involved and the mouse was placed on the Endangered Species List, which means they are now protected by law. Average values reported for Alabama beach mice were 4,086 -5,512 square meters (43,981-59,330 square feet) from trapping data and 6,783-7,000 square meters  (73,011-75,347 square feet) from telemetry data, but ranges as small as 389 square meters (4,187 square feet) and as large as 29,330 square meters  (315,715 square feet) have been observed (Lynn 2000). In 1998, construction was even called off to help protect the habitat in the Sierra Club v. Burrow openings are frequently located within vegetation. The Alabama beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates) is a federally endangered species which lives along the Alabama coast. Interior sand dune ridges provide vital habitat for survival during flooding. The Alabama beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates) lives in the sand dunes of Alabama’s Gulf Coast. They eat various plant seeds and insects. Hurricanes, tropical storms, and dune use by pedestrians have also damaged or destroyed sand dunes and related habitats. 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