39 20 13. [78], Carbon dioxide (which bananas produce) and ethylene absorbents extend fruit life even at high temperatures. [99], Banana bacterial wilt (BBW) is a bacterial disease caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. [101] After being originally identified on a close relative of bananas, Ensete ventricosum, in Ethiopia in the 1960s,[102] BBW occurred in Uganda in 2001 affecting all banana cultivars. balbisiana.[35]. Greenpeace has sanctioned Acai as a sustainable crop. [27], The word banana is thought to be of West African origin, possibly from the Wolof word banaana, and passed into English via Spanish or Portuguese.[28]. As with artichokes, both the fleshy part of the bracts and the heart are edible.[122]. More species names were added, but this approach proved to be inadequate for the number of cultivars in the primary center of diversity of the genus, Southeast Asia. Musa species are native to tropical Indomalaya and Australia, and are likely to have been first domesticated in Papua New Guinea. Banana Flower. Helping American University Investigate Bananas Found Hanging From Nooses", "How the 'banana for scale' became the yardstick of the Internet", "Banana Peel Applied to the Solid Phase Extraction of Copper and Lead from River Water: Preconcentration of Metal Ions with a Fruit Waste", "Banana and Plantain: An Overview with Emphasis on Pacific Island Cultivars", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Banana&oldid=995447561, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxobox articles possibly missing a taxonbar, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 02:25. [48][49][50], These ancient introductions resulted in the banana subgroup now known as the "true" plantains, which include the East African Highland bananas and the Pacific plantains (the Iholena and Maoli-Popo'ulu subgroups). French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique. Both the skin and inner part can be eaten raw or cooked. Areas of secondary diversity are found in Africa, indicating a long history of banana cultivation in these regions. Crispy Fruit 100% freeze-dried banana is a wholesome crunchy snack with no added sugar. 92 96 8. Visit our online store or call Firm Banana on 07812 123 330. A stem develops which grows up inside the pseudostem, carrying the immature inflorescence until eventually it emerges at the top. In other regions of the world, particularly India, Southeast Asia and the islands of the Pacific, there are many more kinds of banana and the two-fold distinction is not useful and not made in local languages. - CNN", "F.B.I. [37] Linnaeus made the same distinction between plantains and bananas when first naming two "species" of Musa. [140], In Malay folklore, the ghost known as Pontianak is associated with banana plants (pokok pisang), and its spirit is said to reside in them during the day. In 2011, Huffington Post included the Big Banana in their list of the "Top 10 Pieces of Folly Architecture." Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae. The fingers on one banana plant grow fused; another produces bunches of a thousand fingers, each only an inch long. Plantains are one of many kinds of cooking bananas, which are not always distinct from dessert bananas. Get your tickets today! [88] Ecuador and the Philippines were the leading exporters with 5.4 and 3.3 million tonnes, respectively, and the Dominican Republic was the leading exporter of plantains with 210,350 tonnes. [6], By the 1960s, the exporters of Gros Michel bananas were unable to keep trading such a susceptible cultivar, and started growing resistant cultivars belonging to the Cavendish subgroup (another Musa acuminata AAA). Banana Fruit Yellow. For the genus to which banana plants belong, see. They accounted for the majority of banana exports,[68] despite only coming into existence in 1836. ", "Why throwing bananas is a notorious racist act", "Dani Alves: Joven que lanzó un plátano a Dani Alves quedó en libertad con cargos", "Dani Alves: Barcelona defender eats banana after it lands on pitch", "Throwing bananas at black sportsmen has been recognised as racism across Europe for decades", "Bananas and monkey chants: Is racism endemic in Spanish football? [111][112][113], During the ripening process, bananas produce the gas ethylene, which acts as a plant hormone and indirectly affects the flavor. [124] In South India, it is customary to serve traditional food on a banana leaf. These hybridization events produced the triploid cultivars of bananas commonly grown today. Raw bananas (not including the peel) are 75% water, 23% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and contain negligible fat. Contact Information. The old scientific name for this hybrid, Musa sapientum, is no longer used. Fruit and veg wholesalers Big Watermelon (formerly Bushy Park Wholesale) is located in Wantirna South, 26km east of Melbourne, and provides the best produce to stores and private customers in the surrounding eastern suburbs.